“And Moses called unto all Israel, and said unto them: Hear, O Israel, the statutes and the ordinances which I speak in your ears this day, that ye may learn them, and observe to do them.” (Deuteronomy 5:1)
The Ten Commandments is a list of religious and moral imperatives that, according to the Hebrew Bible, were spoken by God to the people of Israel from the mountain referred to as Mount Sinai, and later authored by God and given to or written by Moses in the form of two stone tablets. They are recognized as a moral foundation in Judaism and Christianity, and their substance also figures in Islam.
The Ten Commandments are the first part of God’s law system. They are a summary of the hundreds of laws found in the Old Testament Law. They offer basic rules of behavior for spiritual and moral living. They were designed to guide Israel into a life of practical holiness. These laws still instruct us today, for they expose sin and show us God’s standard.
The Ten Commandments were spoken to Moses in God’s own voice and then later written on two tablets of stone by the very finger of God. They are extremely important to God. Moses had righteous anger at the sight of sin, and therefore, he decided to destroy the tablets in his anger. The breaking of the tablets was symbolic of the laws of God being broken in the hearts of the people. After Moses destroyed the tablets inscribed by God, he made Moses write new ones, just like the ones, he had written himself.