Names of Jerusalem

Jerusalem has been many names in many different languages. According to Jewish tradition, there are 70 different names for Jerusalem.
In this article, you will find a few examples:

Ariel (אֲרִיאֵל ) – Ariel is one of Jerusalem’s appellations, as attested in the verse: “Woe to Ariel, to Ariel, the city where David dwelt.”(Isaiah 29, 1)

Bat-Zion (בַּת-צִיּוֹן) – The meaning of the name is the daughter of Zion/daughter of Jerusalem.

Dvir (דְּבִיר ) – Dvir is “the holiest place” – the inner part of the Temple as mentioned in 1 Kings 8:6.

Eden (עֵדֶן) – Eden is the place where God planted a garden for Adam and Eve; this is also the name of a Levite of the time of Hezekiah, king of Judah; this is also one of the names given to Jerusalem.

Harel (הראל) – A Combination of the words הר (har, “mountain”) and אל (el, “God”), the meaning of the name Harel is “the mountain of God”. The altar in the Temple is called “Harel” or “Ariel”. In the Jewish tradition, Harel is one of the names of Jerusalem.

Moriah ( מוריה) – Moriah is the name of the place where Abraham bound his son Isaac. It is also the name of the mountain in Jerusalem, where the Temple stood: “Then Solomon began to build the house of the Lord at Jerusalem in mount Moriah” (2 Chronicles 3:1). Hence, “Moriah” is one of the appellations of Jerusalem.


Zion (ציון) – “Zion” is another name for Jerusalem and Israel. Its origin is found in Jerusalem’s name prior to its occupation by King David: “Nevertheless David took the stronghold of Zion; the same is the city of David.”(2 Samuel 5:7)


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