Mount Tabor (Hebrew: הר תבור), Har Tavor, is an important mountain to all 3 major religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. It is located in Lower Galilee, at the eastern end of the Jezreel Valley, Israel.
Mount Tabor is first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible in Joshua 19:22, as a border of 3 tribes: Zebulun, Issachar, and Naphtali:
” וּפָגַע הַגְּבוּל בְּתָבוֹר ושחצומה (וְשַׁחֲצִימָה) וּבֵית שֶׁמֶשׁ, וְהָיוּ תֹּצְאוֹת גְּבוּלָם הַיַּרְדֵּן: עָרִים שֵׁשׁ-עֶשְׂרֵה, וְחַצְרֵיהֶן.”
” and the border reached to Tabor, and Shahazim, and Beth-shemesh; and the goings out of their border were at the Jordan; sixteen cities with their villages.”
The Israelite tribes gathered on Mount Tabor in the days of Deborah the prophetess. The Canaanites were assembled at Harosheth Haggoyim and Barak led the Israelite charge of 10,000 men against Sisera’s army. The Israelites attacked and vanquished Sisera and the Canaanites.
According to another Jewish tradition, Mount Tabor is one of the mountains related to the giving of the Torah and in the future, it will be one of the 4 mountains on which will stand Har HaMoriah and on which the Third Jewish Temple will be built.
Many Christians believe it to be the site of the Transfiguration of Christ, during which Jesus began to radiate light and was seen conversing with Moses and Elijah.
There are 2 churches on the top of Mount Tabor: one Greek Orthodox and the other Catholic.