A Kibbutz (Hebrew: קיבוץ ) is a collective community that can be found only in the land of Israel.
The tradition Kibbutzim were based on agriculture and people who live together communally according to socialist principles. A member of a kibbutz is called a kibbutznik.
The first Kibbutz was founded Israel in the early 1920s by Russian immigrants. These societies were established on the principles of social equality – where each member of the Kibbutz is to be treated as an equal.
This means they work together collectively for the good of all. As the workload and benefits of the Kibbutz are shared by all members, each Kibbutznik’s contribution is considered equal. Although a small percentage of the country’s population lives on a kibbutz, they are an integral part of Israeli Society.
Today, farming has been partly supplanted by other economic branches, including industrial plants and high-tech enterprises. Kibbutzim began as utopian communities, a combination of socialism and Zionism. In recent decades, some kibbutzim have been privatized and changes have been made in the communal lifestyle.
In the past 40 years, 400,000 youngsters from all around the world have spent some of the most memorable days of their lives as volunteers in Kibbutzim in Israel. Hundreds of them have stayed on the Kibbutz and are now proud members.
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